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CMIP6-based Multi-model Hydroclimate Projection over the Conterminous US

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Dataset Overview

This dataset presents a suite of high-resolution downscaled hydro-climate projections over the conterminous United States (CONUS) based on a six-member General Climate Model (GCM) ensemble from the Coupled Models Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6). The CMIP6 GCMs are downscaled using two different downscaling approaches (statistical-based DBCCA & dynamical-based RegCM) based on two meteorological reference observations (Daymet & Livneh), and then fed to two calibrated hydrologic models (VIC & PRMS) to simulate projected future hydrologic responses. Each ensemble member covers 1980–2019 in the historic period and 2020–2059 in the near-term future period under the high-end (SSP585) emission scenario. Major variables such as daily maximum temperature (tmax), daily minimum temperature (tmin), daily total precipitation (prcp), daily average wind speed (wind), and daily total runoff (runoff) at 1/24° (~4 km) spatial resolution across the CONUS are provided through this dataset. This dataset is derived to support the SECURE Water Act Section 9505 Assessment for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Technologies Office (WPTO). Further details of this dataset can be referred to Kao et al. (2022) and Rastogi et al. (2022).